Chhath Puja is an ancient festival celebrated by Hindus, mainly in the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh and also in some regions of Nepal. For easy understanding, we can call this day the Indian Thanksgiving Day. This pooja is dedicated to Lord Surya (Sun God) and his consorts Usha and Pratushya Maiya (goddesses of dusk and dawn) are also called Chhathi Maiya. And since the word Chhath means six, the day is celebrated on the sixth day after Diwali.
Chhath Puja 2020: Date And Mahurat for All Four Days
Nahay Khay – 18th November 2020 (Wednesday)
Lohanda & Kharna- 19th November 2020 (Thursday)
Sandhya Aragh- 20th November 2020 (Friday)
Usha Aragh & Paran- 21st November 2020 (Saturday )
Chhath Puja 2020 Time
Sandhya Aragh Time- 17:26 PM
Usha Aragh Time – 6:49 AM
Legends associated with Chhath Puja
Certain legends revolving around Lord Ram and Maa Sita is heard during this time. It is believed when they came back to Ayodhya, the Ramrajya was established on the sixth day, so they kept a fast and worshipped Surya. Hence they were blessed by God, with two sons, Luv and Kush.
During the Mahabharat Pandavas along with Draupadi used to perform Chhath Pooja to solve their problems and issues and to gain back their kingdom. Karna also used to perform this puja since he was the son of Lord Surya. Apart from all this Chhath pooja was also performed during the early Vedic period, to gain energy from the sun and nothing was consumed the entire day.
In the Hindu religion, Chhath Mata is believed to be the Manas Putri of Lord Brahma. In Puran, she is also called Maa Katyayni, whom we worship on the 6th day of Navratri. In Bihar, Jharkhand and UP devotees worship her as Chhathi Maiyya.
Significance of Chhath Puja
According to Vedic astrology, the sun is considered to be the father of the soul, so on Chhath puja worshiping him and Shashti Maa (Chhathi Maiya) blesses the person with children, more pleasure, and desires in their life. It is also believed that any kind of Vastu Dosh or problems might come to an end after performing this pooja.
Devotees worship the sun as it is the bearer of light and source of all power, it is believed that if you perform this pooja it will promote well-being, development, and prosperity in your life. The sun helps in curing all kinds of diseases and illnesses and since Sun is considered to be the lord of life force, people worship him to gain his blessings for a happier and stable life. There is no gender-specific role in this puja both males and females can perform it.
Chhath Puja Rtiulas And Puja Vidhi
The devotees express their gratitude and perform several rituals for four days. The pooja starts 2 days before Chhath and ends the next day after Chhath.
Day 1 : Naha Khay
On this day the devotees take a dip in the holy river, Ganga, Karnali, or Kosi, whichever is near. And only one meal is cooked called Kaddu-Bhat using bronze or soil utensils.
Day 2 : Kharna
On this day devotees keep a day fast and break it in the evening after worshiping the sun. Kheer, Puris, and banana are offered to good and then served to all. Then the devotees observe a fast for the next 36 hours.
Day 3 : Sandhya Aragh
On this day the devotees prepare an offering and worship the setting sun near the river bank. Then in the evening, a gathering is done which is called Kosi. There a lamp is light which is placed under a shelter made of five bamboo sticks, each representing the five elements of the human body, I.e. water, fire, earth, air, and space.
Day 4 : Usha Araghya
On this day devotees offer an Argha to the rising sun, near the riverbank. They end their 36 hours fast (Paran) after this ritual and then gather with their relatives to share the prasad.
This was a gist of Chhath Pooja that you needed to know.
To know more about other festivals, Vedas, astrology, numerology, and other related things, follow our page.